Find SVG Element using XPath in Selenium Webdriver

XPath is a language for locating web elements in an XML document, including the HTML documents that make up a web page. In Selenium, XPath is one of the most widely used methods for finding elements on a web page, including SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) elements.

SVG elements differ from regular HTML elements because they are created using XML, not HTML. Finding them in Selenium requires a different approach than finding HTML elements. This post will cover the steps to locate SVG elements in Selenium using XPath.

We will use our selenium playground website to automate the SVG elements –

With normal HTML elements, we can directly use the tags to find the elements in selenium. But if we try to do so with SVG elements, we might not get the desired results, as shown in the below image.

SVG elements

Here we used a simple “//svg” Xpath, and it didn’t find any matches.

Note: It would have worked if we had used something like an id for an SVG element. Like, If we had used driver.findElement("svgText")), then the corresponding SVG element could have been found.

How to write XPath for SVG elements

What if no id or unique attribute was attached to the SVG element? Then how would we locate the SVG element in Selenium?

We can use the local-name() function to locate SVG elements in selenium.

Syntax of using local-name()

So, to find the SVG elements, we can use the “//*[local-name()='svg']” XPath, and it will locate all the SVG elements.

SVG elements

Note: The local-name() function is not only limited to the “svg” tag. It can be used with any tag like div, p, etc.

Code Example
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;

public class CodekruTest {

	public static void main(String[] args) {

		// pass the path of the chromedriver location in the second argument
		System.setProperty("", "E:\\chromedriver.exe");
		WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();


		// finding the SVG elements
		WebElement webElement = driver.findElement(By.xpath("//*[local-name()='svg']"));



Output –

SVG text ( Click on me! )

findElement() returned the first matching element for the XPath passed in the arguments, and then we used the getText() method to print the text.

A point to remember

It is important to note that we should use * (star) while writing XPath for SVG elements. If we had written something like “//div[local-name()='svg']“, then it wouldn’t have worked. So, traditional XPath(s) won’t work with SVG elements.

Using “and” with SVG elements

As we had seen in our previous example that when we used “//*[local-name()='svg']” XPath, it matched with 6 SVG elements, but what if you wanted a specific SVG element?

We can use “and” along with the local-name() function in that scenario.

//*[local-name()='svg' and @attribute_name = 'attribute_value']

It will locate SVG elements with a specific attribute’s value.

So, considering this, we can pinpoint the SVG element whose height attribute value equals 180 using the below XPath.

//*[local-name()='svg' and @height= '180']
highligting SVG element using and operator
How to locate the nested SVG elements?

We can similarly locate the nested SVG elements by using the below XPath.

nested svg elements

This is it. We hope you have liked the article. If you have any doubts or concerns, please write to us in the comments or mail us at

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